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Environmental effects and governance of green transition and nature-based solutions

Research in systemic approaches to the understanding of circular bioeconomy. The area comprises modelling competences that connect production, distribution, consumption and recirculation of bio resources. Additional focus will be on regulative, social and economic barriers and enablers in order to understand how to support and initiate a more bioeconomic production.

Furthermore, the systemic approach aims to understand economic, environmental and climate consequences of alternative scenarios for resource management and regulative measures. 

Participating research groups and individual researchers:

Systemanalyse af den bioøkonomiske ressource
Marie Trydeman Knudsen 

Policy analysis in the food and environmental sector
Helle Ørsted Nielsen, Anders Branth Petersen, Mikael Skou Andersen og Birgitte Egelund Olsen 

Land Use and bioeconomic resource flows
Gregor Levin og Doan Nainggolan

Nature-based solutions
Pedro Carvalho, Anders Johansen, Lea Ellegaard-Jensen, Peter Stougaard, Mariane Schmidt Thøgersen and Rumakanta Sapkota

Economic Systems Models – Integrated Environmental Economic policy modelling

(in progress...)

Nature’s processes and organisms must be part of the solution to environment al problems, as e.g. biological control agents, and Nature will always respond to the changes. Currently, a range of technologies, products and solutions are developed with the aim to contribute and support the green transition and nature-based solutions. However, at the same time the environmental responses to implementation of many of these policy and techniques changes are depending on the state of the environment. There are many examples, e.g.  the quality of water being discharged or reused, responses to removing raw material such as straw from the ecosystem, to introducing e.g. biochar or microorganisms to the surrounding environment, or to changes in soil management and cultivation  When developing and implementing new elements into the ecosystem and food webs, it is important that it is both financially attractive and socio-economically and environmentally sustainable.

We investigate how green transition can be supported by nature-based solutions and circular solutions in the bioeconomy. This includes  a specific focus on ecosystem processes, and how the indigenous organisms, processes and activities of the environment can contribute to a green and sustainable transition.

Land managers need to contribute to green transition and nature-based solutions by multifunctional land management. Increasing urbanization poses wide challenges worldwide for environmental and human health. The integration of decentralized approaches, such as nature-based solutions and green infrastructure, into existing centralized infrastructure is essential for establishing a sustainable circular water economy.

Environmental governance affect development and implementation of techniques and products. Relevant research questions within environmental governance include: how are policies integrated between sectors and between administrative levels to promote green transition? How are e.g. farmers behaving in response to new political demands regarding soil management? How are households responding to new demands regarding e.g. waste sorting, purchase of new products etc.? The design of policy instruments and programmes that can act as cost-effective, legitimate and innovative incentives for environmental protection and green transition are crucial. 

Participating research groups and individual researchers

Policy analysis in the food and environmental sector
Helle Ørsted NielsenAnders Branth PetersenMikael Skou Andersen and Birgitte Egelund Olsen 

Economic Systems Models - Integrated Environmental Economic policy modelling
Mikael Skou Andersen and Lotte Dalgaard Christensen

Land Use and Bioeconomic Resource Flow

Gregor Levin og Doan Nainggolan